The Spastics Society of Tamilnadu (SPASTN)

Functional Academics

Functional academics is merely academics made functional designed to teach skills which allow each student to succeed in real-life situations at home, school, work and in the community. The functional academics curriculum includes a range of areas namely:

  • Pre-requisite concepts
  • Maths
  • Activities of daily living
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Communication
  • Social & Emotional skills
  • Community orientation
  • Skill oriented activities
  • Art and craft    etc…


Given these areas the teachers tailor the academic programs to the age, gender, needs and functioning of the student.
Each of the subcomponent is divided into skill level and task analyzed to sequential steps which ranges from early childhood to transitional skills. Such skills are not taught in isolation but as part of multi-sensorial approach. Key outcome of functional skills is for the students to exercise maximum sense of control, engage in self-directed behavior and autonomy over his/her environment.

Meaningful counting


Learning about Time

Teaching a concept usually follows the steps given below:-

Reading: Sight-word reading is important in special education i.e., reading the word at sight even though the letters are unknown. Important words like their name, address, pull, push, danger, poison etc.

Writing: Writing can be trained with picture and words initially, then with the words only. Pencil grip is assessed and adaptations are made if necessary; coloring within the boundary is a helpful precursor for writing within the lines.

Activities of daily living: ADL can be trained by task analysis, chaining, modeling and reinforcement techniques.
Time concept: Time concept include learning the concept of now, then, today, yesterday, weekdays, morning, Noon, evening, night.

* Please Note: The pre-requisite skill for Time concept is number concept

Money concept: Money concept is taught through many different ways such as using calculator, dummy currencies etc.