The Spastics Society of Tamilnadu (SPASTN)

POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR SUPPORT

Behaviour of children can be on many occasions challenging. Children with special needs may manifest problem or challenging behaviours as they have difficulty in communicating their needs, feelings, etc. The Positive Behavior Support is an empirically validated approach or model where the teachers and parents observe the behaviour of the child in many settings to identify a pattern. Once the teachers understand the underlying function or communicative intent of behavior, they teach the desirable behavior that is socially appropriate to communicate needs or wishes. These needs may be to seek tangible benefits, to avoid tasks they dislike or not able to perform, to gain attention or to seek sensory stimulation.

The key to a successful positive behavior support begins with functional behavioural analysis that tracks the frequency, duration, intensity, time of the day and the location of problem behavior. It also looks at the social context in which the behavior occurs; the adults or peers who are present and the type of activity the child is expected to perform. If we learn the cause of the behaviours that are challenging or problematic, we can plan positive strategies or positive behavioural interventions. Thus through positive behavior strategies the antecedents of problem behavior are isolated and strategies to support appropriate behaviours are developed and implemented in the class, school or at home.