The Spastics Society of Tamilnadu (SPASTN)

Early Intervention

Early intervention applies to children of school age or younger who are discovered to have or be at risk of developing a handicapping condition or other special need that may affect their development.

Early intervention can be defined as: (By Baroff G)
•    A systematic programme comprising of an easy set of strategies
•    To help parents / caregivers in training their children with special needs and
•    To develop full potential of these children to help them function alongside typically developing children

Early intervention is basic to move, away from institutionalization towards community based care and services for persons with special needs.
It is also of significance as there is an increasing awareness that the child with special needs has a right to equal opportunities in the development of his potential.
Aims:
•    To make the child to improve his skills to his potential
•    Assist the family members
•    To enrich a child’s environmental experience


Why Intervene Early?

There are three primary reasons for intervening early with an exceptional child: to enhance the child's development, to provide support and assistance to the family, and to maximize the child's and family's benefit to society.
Approaches:


•    Medical – for immunization, balanced diet, diseases, fits and associated conditions
•    Sociological – Normalizing the environment
•    Psychological – Counseling
•    Education – Assess – Goal – Teach – Evaluate


Early intervention services :
They are concerned with all the basic and brand new skills that babies typically develop during the first three years of life, such as:


•    physical (reaching, rolling, crawling, and walking);
•    cognitive (thinking, learning, solving problems);
•    communication (talking, listening, understanding);
•    social/emotional (playing, feeling secure and happy); or,
•    self-help (eating, dressing).