The Spastics Society of Tamilnadu (SPASTN)

Open Basic Education

The Open Basic Education is a programme providing Elementary Education at three levels, for children with special needs.  Under its ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)’, the Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development has been endeavouring to provide Basic Education to all children, youths and adults in the country. The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) has launched the Open Basic Education (OBE) programme, as an alternative educational programme, equivalent to the Elementary Education programme of the formal education system. The OBE programme explores and makes use of the potentialities of Distance Education Mode (DEM) for reaching the unreached. The Foundation course of NIOS has been subsumed into the open Basic Education.
The OBE is four children below 14 years of age.

The OBE programme is offered at three levels:
•    OBE Level A: Equivalent to class I – III
•    OBE Level B: Equivalent to class IV – VI
•    OBE Level C: Equivalent to class VII – VIII

Key Guidelines for Implementation of Open Basic Education Programme

The Open Basic Education Programme is being implemented by National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) with the aim of providing primary and upper primary level education through alternate means of open schooling to those who are not able to go to a formal school or have dropped out of school.
The Open Basic Education programme has been recognized by the Government of India as equivalent education to the formal school for purposes of higher education and employment. Different states have indicated their interest in the programme for their out of school children. The OBE is offered in some states as an Equivalency Programme under the Continuing Education (CE) scheme of the National Literacy Mission.
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