What is Multiple Disability?
Multiple Disabilities (MD) means that a person has more than one disability. What caused the disabilities? Often, no one knows. For some children we know the cause, while for others cause is not known.
When a person has several different disabilities we say, that he/she has multiple disabilities. For example, a person may have difficulties in learning, along with controlling her movements and/or with hearing and vision. The effect of multiple disabilities can be more than the combination of two individual disabilities.
Some examples of multiple disabilities are: (Source : http://niepmd.tn.nic.in/mul_disability.php retrieved on 6th Nov, 2018)
- Deafblind (Visual Impairment + Hearing Impairment)
- Visual Impairment + Hearing Impairment + Mental Retardation
- Visual Impairment + Mental Retardation
- Cerebral Palsy + Mental Retardation/ Hearing/ Speech/ Visual problems
Early detection and early intervention is key to ensuring the child is able to reach his/her fullest potential.
They will need physical, speech and occupational therapy. Feeding related issues have to be addressed so that the child is nutritionally thriving and eating age-appropriate food.
Providing appropriate and modified furniture, and other assistive devices including Augmentative and Alternative Communication are essential to promote communication, self-care, mobility, etc.
What is Deafblindness?
We learn about the world around us through our Eyes and Ears. So nearly 95% of learning about the world around us comes through the sense of seeing and hearing. Deafblindness is a unique disability that combines varying degrees of both hearing and visual impairment. All individuals who are deafblind experience extreme challenges with communication, the way they access information, and mobility and most have additional physical and medical conditions. Persons with deafblindness face neglect and discrimination owing to their inability to communicate and relate to the world. Sense International India is an leading NGO that partners with deafblind adults, their families, caregivers and professionals so that early detection, early intervention and appropriate access to resources are bridged.
Multi-sensory Impairment (MSI)
Children who have a multi sensory impairment (MSI) have both a vision and hearing loss. Their sensory loss may be present at birth or acquired later. Some of these children also have medical, physical and cognitive disabilities. MSI impacts on all areas of learning and children may need additional support to learn to communicate and develop socially. Through working closely with the child or young person and family, intervention services has to focus on providing parent training, information, and strategies for development for example on functional use of vision and or hearing, development of communication, mobility, tactile skills and environmental adaptations. https://www.sense.org.uk/get-support/information-and-advice/conditions/deafblindness/
Key Focus: Early Detection and Early Intervention
- Communication Skills
- Maximize residual vision and hearing
- Mobility Training
- Timely and Regular Vision and Hearing Assessment
- Appropriate spectacles or hearing aids